By Jerry Brotton
A attention-grabbing examine twelve maps—from historic Greece to Google Earth—and how they replaced our world
during this masterful research, historian and cartography professional Jerry Brotton explores a dozen of history’s so much influential maps, from stone pill to shiny video display. beginning with Ptolemy, "father of contemporary geography,” and finishing with satellite tv for pc cartography, A heritage of the area in 12 Maps brings maps from classical Greece, Renaissance Europe, and the Islamic and Buddhist worlds to lifestyles and divulges their effect on how we—literally—look at our current world.
As Brotton exhibits, the lengthy street to our current geographical fact used to be rife with controversy, manipulation, and exact pursuits trumping technology. during the centuries maps were wielded to advertise any variety of imperial, spiritual, and financial agendas, and feature represented the idiosyncratic and uneasy fusion of technological know-how and subjectivity. Brotton additionally conjures the worlds that produced those extraordinary works of cartography and tells the tales of these who created, used, and misused them for his or her personal ends.
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Extra resources for A History of the World in 12 Maps
Greece In 1940 Greece had been invaded by both Italy and Germany but resistance fighters, many of them Communists, continued a guerrilla war against the invaders. Stalin had promised Churchill that Greece was within the British sphere of influence and that he 3. Containment 2 5 would not support the Greek Communists in their attempt to seize power. Greece had suffered greatly under the Nazi occupation and much of the country's infrastructure had been ruined: roads, railways, bridges and factories had been destroyed and the Corinth Canal had been blocked by the retreating Germans.
He believed that a Western economic recovery was only possible with the establishment of an independent West German state and pushed the United States in this direction at the Moscow and London conferences in 1947 and 1948. The French zone joined Bizonia in June 1948 and a new currency, the Deutsche Mark, was introduced to this new federal German state. Germany had been in effect partitioned. Stalin watched these developments with mistrust and countered the Anglo-American moves with his own initiatives.
Truman had no intention of sending troops to Europe to fight communism; instead he planned to attack it at its roots. He saw misery, poverty and want nurturing the seeds of communism and allowing them to grow and spread. Governments in Europe were still struggling against the effects of the Second World War. Two years after the defeat of Hitler, much of Europe still lay in ruins, farms and factories produced less than they had in 1939 and even the weather hindered recovery with a severe winter in 1946-7 followed by floods and drought.