By William E. Ellis
Kentucky is nationally popular for horses, bourbon, wealthy normal assets, and regrettably, hindered via a poor academic procedure. notwithstanding its popularity isn't really continuously justified, in nationwide ratings for grades K-12 and better schooling, Kentucky constantly ranks one of the lowest states in schooling investment, literacy, and scholar achievement.
In A History of schooling in Kentucky, William E. Ellis illuminates the successes and screw ups of private and non-private schooling within the commonwealth because its cost. Ellis demonstrates how political leaders within the 19th century created a tradition that devalued public schooling and refused to properly fund it. He additionally analyzes efforts by way of lecturers and coverage makers to enact very important reforms and identify sufficient, equivalent schooling, and discusses ongoing battles regarding spiritual guideline, integration, and the Kentucky schooling Reform Act (KERA).
A historical past of schooling in Kentucky is the one up to date, single-volume background of schooling within the commonwealth. providing greater than mere coverage research, this complete paintings tells the tale of passionate scholars, lecturers, and leaders who've labored for growth from the 1770s to the current day. regardless of the present pessimism approximately schooling in Kentucky, Ellis recognizes symptoms of a colourful academic surroundings within the country. by way of advocating a greater figuring out of the prior, Ellis seems to be to the long run and demanding situations Kentuckians to prevent old disasters and construct on their successes.
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Additional info for A History of Education in Kentucky (Topics in Kentucky History)
With complaints from inadequate compensation and staffing to a less-than-proper status for the post, this haughty Presbyterian minister found the position wanting. Breckinridge counted himself among the angels. In his most flowery mid-nineteenth-century prose, he exclaimed: “It may be that men will not always bear to hear it, and it may be, too, that it is not the part of carnal wisdom to utter it. ”82 It was past time for Breckinridge to move on. For all his bombast, though, he had done what no one else could have done in the late 1840s and early 1850s: he bridged the gap between the old system of education in Kentucky and the new.
Section 2 of Article XI of the 1850 constitution made the office permanent, to be elected every four years. He continued to take his charge with typical Calvinist assurance. 76 The constitution of 1850 offered a somewhat firmer foundation than ever before on which to make educational progress. ” A law in 1852 provided for teacher certification, such as it was. “The county commissioners were the key men in the success of the whole system,” one observer said. ” The commissioner had responsibility for examining and supervising teachers, establishing districts, receiving state money, and making reports to the state board.
18 A History of Education in Kentucky Desha took little notice of education except to support the forces seeking the ouster of Horace Holley, a New England Unitarian who had assumed the presidency of Transylvania University in 1818. Orthodox Christians in the state had mounted an attack on the liberal Holley. Desha, capitalizing on their position and that of other enemies of education, saw to it that Holley’s salary was reduced by $1,000. 42 Governor Thomas Metcalfe (1828–1832), a National Republican and a devotee of Henry Clay, demonstrated a serious concern for the educational well-being of the state.