By Paul H. Skelton
Книга является определителем пресноводных рыб южноафриканского региона. Описание видов включает: цветной рисунок, карту распространения, символы, указывающие степень использования и охранный статус, в также детальное текстовую характеристику рыбы и ее местообитаний. Имеются определительные ключи для идентификации семейств, родов и видов.
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Additional info for A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of Southern Africa
Barreto led the remnants of his party back to the coast, but, even there, pestilence followed them. Eight days after his return, Barreto began to experience colic and vomiting. He died the following day. When Monclaro brought Barreto’s remains to St. Marcal for burial, there was no place to put him. The church had become a morgue. ”24 By the late 1500s, Europeans began to understand that they could not safely explore the African interior. African kingdoms were too powerful, and the climate too deadly, for conquest and colonization.
The Sahara, the Gold, Slave, and Ivory Coasts of the Bight, the Niger and Congo deltas, the Cape of Good Hope, and the long Swahili Coast of East Africa were now known to the West, described in travel accounts, ships logs, and ledgers of trade. Trading forts dotted the African coast, S ta n ley ’s L o st S tor y 34 funneling the riches of the African interior into the Atlantic world. Africa no longer appeared as a simple pie wedge or an appendage of Eurasia on world maps. Extensive surveys of the coast allowed European cartographers to etch a new profile for Africa, one that has remained mostly unchanged to the present.
First among these was the source of the Nile. The location of the headwaters of the great river had been debated for two thousand years by scholars, clerics, and emperors. ” By the second century ce, the Alexandrian geographer Ptolemy had formulated an answer to Caesar’s question. ” Ptolemy based his theory on rather weak foundations—hearsay of merchants and travelers—but it was enough to convince cartographers. 4 As European explorers began advancing into the African interior in the 1800s, expectations that they would discover the source of the S ta n ley ’s L o st S tor y 16 Nile grew.